Taj Mahal: In 1632, Emperor Shah ordered the Taj Mahal to be built on the banks of River Yamuna in Agra in 1632 by Emperor Shah for Mumtaz Mahal, his favorite and beloved wife.
The architect of the building and the surrounding gardens are in pure Islamic, Persian and Turkish style. The main building constructed in pure marble is dominated by a central main dome flanked by smaller domes and surrounded by four majestic towers on all four sides. Taj Mahal stands as an icon of a husband’s love for his wife and a mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal. It is one of the archeological wonders of the world.
The Roman Coliseum is one of the most ancient architectural wonders of the world built around 80 AD near the Caelian Hills. The historical monument was built to hold almost 50,000 spectators which was considered a huge number in those times.
The reason for building this architectural wonder was quite shameful because to the heartless human and animal slaughter that took place there and witnessed as an enjoyable sport by spectators and the king.
It was constructed by a combination of travertine and concrete for foundations, arcades and piers.
Acropolis of Athens
Greece is home to historical monuments and acropolises but Acropolis of Athens is the most popular and among the top tourist attractions. It was built around 600 BC to be inhabited for centuries to come. The acropolis can only be accessed from the west due to fortifications and high cliffs from the other three sides.
The monumental gateway known as Propylaea can be reached by walking or by arranging transport by lift. The three major temples inside the Acropolis were dedicated to the city’s patron Athena. The building includes a central structure flanked by two wings. The north building has elegantly painted walls and panels which add to the beauty of Acropolis.
Great Pyramids of Egypt
The Great pyramids of Egypt are the most ancient monuments built in primitive eras in amazingly unique architecture. They are built by massive blocks of stones pointing upwards and have survived thousands of years . Today they provide us with a historical education in number of ways including architecture, culture, civilization and lost myths.
The pyramids present the burial places of great Egyptian rulers who believed in life after death and were buried at their own orders in these pyramids with all their wealth and commodities needed when they come back to life. Most of these pyramids are located in Giza.
Great Wall of China
The history of the Great Wall of China goes back to 2000 years and is stretched over 3,948 miles. It is a manmade wonder and considered among the great wonders of the world which can even be seen from space. Its construction started somewhere around the 7th century BC and continued during different later dynasties including the Qin and Ming Dynasties. The major reason for building this wall over mountains, valleys and hills was to secure China from foreign conquests. It is the most exceptional piece of art and architecture man has ever achieved.
Canals of Venice
The city of Venice, an icon of art, culture, architect and sophistication seems to float over the sea like an imaginative dream. Venice was of ‘course not built in a dream or by magic, it is an icon of human invention with solid stone buildings set on water and canals traversed by boats of different sizes and shapes.
These 150 canals are topped by 400 bridges and tourists worldwide visit this amazing city to visit this enchanting site and the archeological wonders located in this ancient city. Venice is the most attractive destination in the world where the air of romance and antiquity prevails forever.
Mount Everest, the second highest mountain in the world is located on the borders of China, Nepal and Tibet. Mount Everest is perhaps the most spectacular natural landmark on earth and the most popular eco-tourism destination visited by millions of travelers from all over the world. The easiest access is from the Nepalese side of the mountain helps Nepal in profitable tourism. Over 2,000 mountaineers reached its peak in 2006 including nearly 203 causalities. In 1951 Sir Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay were the first to reach the summit of this daring and challenging natural wonder.
Alhambra is an icon of the Arab invasion of Spain when most of Europeans were still struggling in the Dark Ages; yet the Arabs were at the prime of architecture, culture and sophistication of civilization. The splendor of Alhambra is set with a scenic background of the city of Granada.
The Amazing Palace of Alhambra is visited daily by nearly 8,000 people. Due to an unlimited number of sightseers in wait for tickets, you are advised beforehand to arrange your reservations to save disappointment.
The Louvre Museum Paris is one of the largest museums of art in the world. It attracts almost 8 million tourists every year due to its unmatched and most unique collection of fine art. The palace was built on the ruins of a demolished fortress during the French Revolution to publicly display the royal treasures.
Since that period the Louvre is an icon of the finest and the largest museums as it includes 380,000 sculptures, art crafts and paintings dating back to the 11th century. The Palace is located in the center of Paris surrounded by many prominent monuments including the Palais Royal, The Place de la Concorde and Champs Elysees.
Machu Picchu is an Incan city located high above the Urubamba Valley in Peru. The Incan city was built in the 15th century by the orders of the first emperor of Incan civilizations called Sapa Inca Pachacuti. Machu Picchu was destroyed during the Spanish conquest in 1532 and later on rediscovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham an American historian and archeologist. Many suppositions are related with this city, many archeologists think it was a recreational point for Inca nobility whereas others think it was a check post to control the region.